Types of Sugar used in Baking
Granulated Sugar (White Sugar)- It is refined white sugar, made from cane sugar or sugar beet. It is basically sucrose, generally used in Baking. The fine crystals in granulated sugar don’t cake together, which makes it perfect for measuring & sprinkling onto food and dissolved into drinks.
Confectioners’ or Powdered Sugar– Granulated sugar that has been crushed to a fine powder with 3% cornstarch added to prevent lumping. It dissolves readily and is also use decoratively as fine dusting on desserts. Sugar label XXXX is slightly finer than that label XXX, but they can be used interchangeably. Known as icing sugar in Great Britain (because it is often used in icings) & Sucre glace in France.
Coarse or Decorating Sugar– has large crystals which is processed to resist breakdown. Bakers & Culinary enthusiasts use this sugar to create decorative & sweet desserts such as wedding cakes & other pastries.
Brown or Dark Sugar– Brown sugar retains some of the surface molasses syrup, which imparts a characteristics pleasurable flavor. Dark brown sugar has a deeper color & stronger molasses flavor than light brown sugar. Light brown sugar is used in baking, making butterscotch, and glazes. Dark brown sugar is used for gingerbread, baked beans, & other flavor foods.
Superfine, Ultra-fine, or Caster Sugar– Special baking sugar is call Superfine Sugar. It’s granulated sugar that has been processed to be very fine, but as fine as powder sugar. Special baking sugar is common in cake mixes and recipes as well as gelatin and dessert mixes. It suspends in a recipe w/out sinking, for fluffy cakes and other desserts it is ideally for delicately textured cakes & meringues, to sweeten fruits & iced drinks since it dissolves easily.
Turbinado Sugar– Is a large grained paler than brown sugar ( it is actually golden brown color) w/ a honey-like flavor & it can be sprinkled on cereals, creme brulee, or in coffee/tea.
Muscovado or Barbados Sugar– Also know as raw sugar. Barbados sugar is a specialty food. It’s popular in the United Kingdom, it is moist & has a dense version of brown sugar. It posses a molasses-like flavor, it’s delicious when sprinkled on top of warm oatmeal.
Organic Sugar- Sugar made from 100% USDA-certified organic sugar cane, which is grown and produced w/out the use of herbicides, pesticides or chemicals.